A woman finds out that she is expecting a baby. What thoughts first come to mind? Of course, the expectant mother wonders what foods and drinks she can afford during this period. There are representatives of the fairer sex who strictly restrict themselves and prohibit the use of everything that can harm the fetus. But there are ladies who do not want to give up their favorite treats, including alcohol. Let’s see if this is correct.
Scientists and doctors have tried many times to answer this question. Each time opinions differ. Moreover, the unequivocally correct answer among them has not yet been found. It used to be that a glass of good red wine is not just safe, but even beneficial for a pregnant woman. This drink raises hemoglobin and increases appetite, which is extremely important for the expectant mother. No one can establish a strict framework since the norm is completely different for everyone. The body of women reacts to alcohol individually.
Could this be beneficial to the fetus? Today it is proved that the child in the womb consumes alcohol with her. Of course, this is not happening in equal proportions. The kid gets exactly half.
Recent data indicate that alcohol crosses the placental barrier in full. The effect of ethyl alcohol on the embryo can be discussed for a long time. However, your position and desire to drink during pregnancy will depend on only one thing: do you think that for such a small and defenseless creature that has not yet been born, but already living and functioning like you, there is such a thing, how is a safe dose of alcohol?
Modern doctors have already taken a completely different position. They believe that there are no safe doses of alcohol during pregnancy. No one will ever tell you with confidence if a woman drinking alcohol during pregnancy, how many grams of wine or beer will be decisive for the baby. No one except you will be held responsible for this afterward. It is impossible to predict how alcohol can affect the health of a future son or daughter. During pregnancy, there is no difference between alcoholic beverages. Early doctors argued that whiskey, brandy, liquor or vodka should definitely be banned, and wine and beer are not dangerous drinks, then modern scientific studies prove different. Absolutely any alcohol is equally potentially dangerous for the baby.
Alcohol in early pregnancy
In the early days, while the embryo is on its way to the uterus, this is dangerous only because of the provocation of a miscarriage. Then you just do not know about pregnancy. In the period until the placenta has formed and the fetus has not begun to feed on you, there is no danger from alcohol. Absolutely safe is considered an average of two weeks between fertilization and missed menstruation.
Undoubtedly, if for some reason the doses of alcohol were excessive and were consumed daily, it is worth telling the doctor honestly about this. If not, be calm. But know that as soon as the embryo makes a landing, begins to develop and grow, then you should absolutely forget about alcohol. Even a small dose in the first trimester can be the main cause of pathologies and deformities. This period is the most important and most dangerous for the development of the fetus.
How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
Moderate drinking during pregnancy increases the chance of miscarriage, and excessive drinking leads to fetal abnormalities. Chronic drunkenness during pregnancy can lead to an abnormality in the fetus called fetal alcohol syndrome. Scientists have found that mild to moderate drinking during pregnancy can lead to long-term changes in the brain. You will not notice the damage. If alcohol enters the fetal blood, then the liver is affected primarily, then the vascular system, as well as those brain structures that are responsible for mental activity. If drugs are used along with alcohol, the likely harm to the fetus increases many times. Especially dangerous are painkillers, stimulating narcotic drugs and anti-seizure drugs.
When you drink alcohol, a woman’s eggs are damaged, each of which carries genetic information about your unborn baby. That is why alcohol is dangerous even before pregnancy. The child of a man and woman who often drinks has less body weight, shorter growth, and lags behind in development from peers born to parents who do not drink alcohol. The baby has a weakened immune system and is more susceptible to various diseases. The main danger is an inborn predisposition to alcoholism.
All types of alcohol are toxic to a growing, developing fetal organism. Any drink containing alcohol is potentially dangerous for the unborn child. In addition, you should be careful when using over-the-counter cough and cold remedies. Some of them contain up to 25% alcohol.
What responsibility does the father have for the child’s health?
If you have planned pregnancy in advance, then a man should give up alcohol 4 months before conception so that there is no effect of alcohol on heredity. Scientists have established a connection between the father’s alcoholism and delayed fetal development. Indeed, the excessive use of alcohol by the father of the child can cause him to have fetal alcohol syndrome. Even absolutely small doses of regularly consumed alcohol can reduce sperm motility and damage their hereditary structure. Of course, this will negatively affect the health of the unborn child.
A portion of alcohol about 25 milliliters of alcohol per day is considered safe, that is, 150-250 grams of dry wine or 60 grams of vodka. At the moment, this is just a theory, not fully proven. As adults and responsible people, you and the man should be aware that now your lifestyle affects not only yourself but also your continuation.
Or can you still drink alcohol during pregnancy?
You can not restrain yourself, and you are drawn to drink a glass of wine. Especially for you, we will give an answer to whether alcohol is possible during pregnancy. You can afford 100-200 g of natural dry wine, but only 2-3 for 9 months.
In the second trimester, ethanol increases the risk of miscarriage if a woman drinks more than 30 ml of alcohol twice a week. For example, a 70-kilogram woman can drink only 50 g of red wine, while the negative effect after drinking alcohol will begin to act within 90 minutes. Most studies have confirmed that for the occurrence of fetal alcohol syndrome, four to five small doses of alcohol per day are sufficient. However, in a mild form, anomalies also occur at two doses per day (28 g of alcohol). If you still drink alcohol, then you need to drink one, a maximum of two drinks per week, and only during meals.
The period of pregnancy is a time of increased responsibility and a particularly reverent attitude towards your body. Within 9 months you lay the program of health and emotional state of your unborn child. Take care of yourself and your future children!